Verbs in the Spanish language can be a bit confusing and complicated for Spanish students. But if you memorize some basic rules about Verbs, you will see that it is not that difficult to communicate in Spanish and you will do it much more easily.

As a beginner student of Spanish, it's essential to be aware of various aspects concerning Spanish verbs. Here are ten valuable facts about Spanish verbs that will assist you in learning and remembering them effectively:

verbs in spanish language


The fundamental form of a Spanish verb is the infinitive, which can be likened to the "to" form of English verbs, like "to eat (comer)" and "to love (amar)." In Spanish, infinitives consistently end in -ar, -er, or -ir, with -ar being the most common, followed by -er and -ir in terms of frequency.


In Spanish, infinitives can also serve as masculine nouns. For instance, in the phrase "creer es la clave (believe is the key)," the verb "creer" functions as a noun.


Spanish verbs undergo extensive conjugation, resulting in various forms. In most cases, the endings -ar, -er, or -ir of Spanish verbs are substituted with different endings, while occasionally an ending is added to the entire verb. These endings serve to indicate the subject performing the action, the timeframe in which the action takes place, and, to some extent, the verb's relationship to other parts of speech.


In the Spanish language, the majority of verbs can be conjugated in a "regular" manner, which means that if you know the ending of the infinitive (-ar or -er), you can anticipate its conjugation. However, the most commonly used Spanish verbs tend to be conjugated in an "irregular" manner. To determine whether a Spanish verb is regular or irregular, we need to conjugate it following the pattern of verbs ending in -ar, -er, and -ir (e.g., amar, temer, and partir) in the present, past, and future tenses of the indicative mood. If there are modifications in the root and/or ending, we can identify it as an irregular verb.


Some verbs in the Spanish language do not exist in all conjugated forms. These are known as defective verbs. The most common defective verbs are meteorological verbs such as “nevar” (to snow) and “llover” (to rain), which are used only in the third person.


In the Spanish language, there are certain verbs that lack complete conjugation and are referred to as defective verbs. Defective verbs are characterized by their absence in certain conjugated forms. One category of defective verbs includes meteorological verbs like "nevar" (to snow) and "llover" (to rain), which are exclusively used in the third person. These verbs do not have conjugations for other grammatical persons.


Verbs in both Spanish and English can be categorized as transitive or intransitive. The rule is the same in both languages. A transitive verb requires a noun or pronoun (referred to as an "object") to convey a complete thought, whereas an intransitive verb does not require an object.


Spanish has two verbs, "ser" and "estar," that are commonly used as equivalents to the English verb "to be." Interestingly, these verbs are rarely interchangeable, and each carries its own distinct meaning and usage.


The subjunctive verb mood is highly prevalent in Spanish, whereas it has largely diminished in usage in English. In Spanish, the subjunctive mood is employed to express ideas, wishes, doubts, possibilities, recommendations, or negations. For instance: "¡Espero que venga! (I hope you come!)" and "¡Ojalá llueva mañana! (I hope it rains tomorrow!)" are examples where the subjunctive mood is used in Spanish to convey these meanings.


In the Spanish language, when new verbs are incorporated due to the globalization of communication, they are often formed with the ending -ear. Many of these verbs are borrowed from English, and some well-known examples include "tweetear" (to tweet), "surfear" (to surf), and even "stremear" (to stream). This pattern allows for the adaptation of English verbs into Spanish by adding the -ear ending.

In conclusion, mastering Spanish verbs is a vital aspect of language learning. Understanding the basic structure of Spanish verbs, including infinitives, conjugation patterns, regular and irregular verbs, and the distinction between ser and estar, lays a solid foundation for effective communication. Additionally, recognizing the significance of the subjunctive mood and the incorporation of new verbs through the -ear ending showcases the dynamic nature of the Spanish language. By embracing these tips and principles, English-speaking students can enhance their ability to express ideas, convey emotions, and engage in meaningful conversations in Spanish. So, dive into the world of Spanish verbs, practice diligently, and unlock a whole new level of language proficiency. ¡Buena suerte y mucho éxito en tu aprendizaje del español! (Good luck and much success in your Spanish learning journey!)