Posted on Aug 20, 2022 |
Using and understanding the conjunctions and - e - o - u in the Spanish language is basic for any student of the Spanish language. And it's actually not very complicated. It's just to remember it and keep it in mind and soon you will see that you will be able to notice the differences when you write or speak in Spanish.
But first, what is a conjunction in the Spanish language? It is the word, or in this case the letter that we use to join two or more words or parts of a sentence. In this case, the conjunctions "y / e, o / u" are coordinating conjunctions, this means that they join elements in a sentence that have the same syntactic range.
The conjunction "y" has a meaning of addition to a list, it introduces two or more possibilities, all of them valid. For example:
When linking an enumeration or list of items in a sentence, the conjunction "y" is used to present the last item in the list. For example :
The conjunction "y" takes the form "e" before words that begin with the vowel sound “i”. This means that if the following word starts with "i-" or "hi-", then you have to use "e" as a conjunction. This includes international words like "email", which although it starts with the letter "e", is pronounced like "i" in Spanish. For example :
Although, there is an exception to this last rule, and that is when the word followed by the conjunction begins with "i", but is followed by a vowel to form a diphthong, then the conjunction remains as "y". For example :
The conjunction "or" has the meaning of option: several possibilities are presented of which only one can take place. For example :
When it comes to an enumeration where several options are presented, the conjunction "o" in the introduction of the last option to that list. For example :
The conjunction "o" takes the form "u" before words that begin with the vowel sound “o”. This means that if the following word starts with "o-" or "ho-", then you have to use "u" as a conjunction.
Note : When you are listing numbers as a list of options, you must include the conjunction "or" with a tilde. This is to avoid visually confusing it with the number 0. For example :