Posted on Aug 22, 2021 |
The adverb in Spanish language is the invariable part of the sentence that can modify or complement the meaning of the verb, the adjective, another adverb or even a whole sentence.
Semantically, the adverb in Spanish Language expresses circumstances of place, time, mode, quantity, order, doubt, among others, and its main function in the sentence context is to serve as a circumstantial complement, this means that it can answer the questions where, how, when or how many. The adverb in Spanish language is also characterized by being morphologically invariable in gender and number. For example "Esa camisa es muy fea y esa blusa es muy bonita" (That shirt is very ugly and that blouse is very pretty).
The word adverb in Spanish (adverbio) derives from the Latin word “adverbium”, which is formed by the prefix ad- (which means : towards or together), verbum (which means : word or verb), and the Latin suffix -ium.
Express circumstances of place and space
abajo, adelante, adentro, adonde, acá, ahí, allá, allí, alrededor, aquí, arriba, atrás, cerca, debajo, delante, detrás, dentro, donde (down, forward, inside, where, here, there, there, there, around, here, up, behind, near, under, in front, behind, inside, where)
Express circumstances of time
hoy, ayer, mañana, tarde, temprano, pronto, ya, nunca, ahora, enseguida, todavía, aún, recién, entonces, mientras, antes, después, anoche, luego, siempre, jamás, ocasionalmente, anteriormente (today, yesterday, tomorrow, later, early, soon, already, never, now, right away, still, still, just, then, while, before, after, last night, then, always, never, occasionally, previously)
These indicate modal qualities or qualify those of the adjective
adrede, así, aún, aprisa, bien, claro, como, despacio, ligero, mal, mejor, rápido, regular, similar, tal, peor, apasionadamente (purposely, well, yet, quick, good, clear, like, slow, light, bad, better, fast, regular, similar, so, worse, passionately)
Express quantitative modifications
apenas, mucho, poco, algo, nada, muy, harto, demasiado, medio, mitad, bastante, más, menos, casi, sólo, cuánto, qué, tan, tanto (hardly, a lot, a little, something, nothing, very, fed up, too much, half, half, a lot, more, less, almost, only, how much, what, so, so much)
These are used to affirm or sustain an idea
sí, cierto, ciertamente, claro, bueno, claramente, seguramente, efectivamente, acertadamente, evidentemente, naturalmente (yes, true, certainly, clear, well, clearly, surely, indeed, rightly, obviously, naturally)
These are used to deny something
no, nunca, jamás, tampoco, nada, ni siquiera, ninguno, ninguna, para nada (no, never, never, neither, nothing, not even, none, none, not at all)
We will continue with the second part of this important subject...