ANTIGÜEÑA SPANISH ACADEMY

Since 1985

Spanish School Blog


Rules and Tips to use the letter Z in Spanish

Understanding how to use the letter Z is a bit easier than the letters C and S, since the use of this letter is much more limited, and therefore, the rules on how to use it are just a few. The benefits of using the letters s, c and z correctly, will help you to create texts in Spanish with a better quality, without the need of advanced vocabulary.


Over the last couple of weeks, we have explained a little how to understand the C and S letters, since the pronunciation for these, as well as the Z sounds quite similar, it is quite important to understand the difference between all of them, we recommend you to read those articles as well. These are 7 basic tips and rules easy to remember when writing in Spanish.

We use the letter S when...

  • All the words ending in ‘anza’ and ‘azgo’. For example : mundanza (moving), panza (belly), danza (dance), hallazgo (finding). Exception : mansa or manso (gentle).
  • All the ‘abstract nouns’ ending in ‘ez’, ‘eza’, ‘az’ and ‘oz’. The so-called 'abstract nouns' in the Spanish language are objects or concepts that are perceived or created by thoughts, referring to intangibles things, like actions, feelings, qualities and ideals. For example : belleza (beauty), rigidez (rigidity), paz (peace), torpeza (clumsiness), eficaz (effective).
  • All the words with the augmentative suffix to increase a subject, ending in ‘azo’ and ‘aza’. For example : carrazo (great car), puertazo (door slap), ojazos (beautiful eyes).
  • All the words ending in ‘iz’, ‘ez’, ‘oz’ and ‘az’ when these are patronymic names. For example : Rodríguez, Ortiz, Sánchez, Alvarez.
  • ** All the words with the diminutive suffix to decrease a subject, ending in ‘zuela’ and ‘zuelo’. For example : landronzuelo (thief), jovenzuelo (youngster).
    ** please note that this diminutive rule for words ending in ‘zuela’ and ‘zuelo’ is not used in Latin American Spanish language, it is more commonly used in Spain. To understand a little more about the augmentative and diminutive words in Spanish language, please click here.
  • To all infinitive verbs ending in ‘zar’ and its conjugations before the vowels a, o. For example : analizar - analizo (analize), paralizar - paralizo (paralyze), canalizar - canalizo (canalize).
  • All the words ending in ‘izo’ and ‘iza’. For example : mestizo (half Blood), movediza (moving), enfermiza (sickly).

This concludes this series of three articles on how to understand the difference of ‘C’, ‘S’ and ‘Z’ letters in Spanish language.

Keep practicing, keep learning Spanish.



Latest Posts

  • Chiles Rellenos - Stuffed Chillies Recipe Guatemala
    - Jun 24, 2019

    The “chiles rellenos” (stuffed chillies) is another popular Guatemalan dish, it is well known and liked by the Guatemalans as well as foreigners, and is part of all menu at any typical food restaurants in Guatemala and Antigua Guatemala, it has an exquisite flavor, it is juicy and its key ingredient is the chili pepper.

  • Portal del Comercio in Antigua Guatemala
    - Jun 17, 2019

    The Portal del Comercio, also known by the citizens of Antigua Guatemala as the "Portal of Las Panaderas", is located in the center of the colonial city, opposite the central park and opposite the Cathedral of Antigua Guatemala. This portal houses many important businesses, among these are restaurants, coffee shops, banks, book sales, and traditional Guatemalan souvenir shops.

  • Santa Catalina Arch in Antigua Guatemala
    - Jun 10, 2019

    The city of Antigua Guatemala is well known for its rich history and culture. A colonial city with many cultural attractions, but none as famous as the “Arco de Santa Catalina” (Santa Catalina Arch), located at 5 Avenida Norte.

Go to Blog Mainpage


Archives

  • June 2019 (4)
  • May 2019 (4)
  • April 2019 (5)
  • March 2019 (4)
  • February 2019 (4)
  • January 2019 (5)
  • December 2018 (5)
  • November 2018 (6)
  • October 2018 (5)
  • September 2018 (5)

  • Tags

  • antigua guatemala (42)
  • guatemala culture (42)
  • learn spanish (19)
  • guatemala (13)
  • easter week (11)
  • recipe (8)
  • guatemala arts (5)
  • semana santa (4)
  • cuisine (4)
  • grammar (4)
  • Spanish Online

    We are happy to announce our spanish clases online through Skype. If you are not coming to Antigua Guatemala, or wish to get started. Please let us know.

    Get in touch

    1a Calle poniente # 10 Antigua Guatemala GT 03000

    Have a question? Contact Us


    Newsletter

    Join in with us to the experience of cultural and language growth.

    Newsletter Subscription