ANTIGÜEÑA SPANISH ACADEMY

Since 1985

Spanish School Blog


Accents how and when to use them in Spanish

To write the Spanish language correctly, you have to know the rules of how and when to use the accents. The accents have always confused us all and it is one of the most complicated topics to learn to properly write the Spanish language.


What is an accent?, In the Spanish language, many words have a syllable that pronounced stronger or higher than the others, this syllable is called 'tonic syllable'; the rest of the syllables are called 'atonic syllables'. These 'tonic syllables' are marked with the upper sign called 'tilde (in spanish)', which is the graphic accent. Even if you write your texts in the Spanish language with a word processor on your computer, it will not always correct and place the accents for you, that is why you have to learn these basic rules to accentuate the words correctly.

accents in spanish

Rules and Tips to use accents in Spanish

  1. Learn to pronounce correctly. If you have learned to pronounce the word appropriately in Spanish, then you can identify the tonic syllable pronounced with more emphasis. For example: ‘teléfono’ (telephone) or ‘carácter’ (character).
  2. Capital letters also use accent. Previously, the capital letters were not marked with the graphic accent, but this rule has changed, nowadays uppercase and lowercase letters are accentuated in the same way.
  3. Sharp words (palabras agudas) use accent. Sharp words in Spanish are those whose last syllable has the highest tone or with the most emphasis. These words will always carry the graphic accent if they end in a vowel, with the letter 'n' or with the letter 's'. For example : ‘caerá’ (will fall), ‘así’ (like this), ‘jamás’ (never).
  4. Plain words (palabras llanas) use accent. Plain words are those whose accentuated syllable with emphasis or stronger tone is the penultimate syllable of the word. These words will always have a graphic accent as long as they end in a consonant with the exception of the letter 'n' and the letter 's'. For example : ‘fácil’ (easy), ‘césped’ (grass), ‘álbum’ (album).
  5. The esdrújulas and sobreesdrújulas words use accent. The ‘esdrújula’ word is the one that has the syllable with the stronger tone on the antepenultimate syllable. The ‘sobreesdrújula’ word is the one that has the syllable with the stronger tone before the antepenultimate syllable. For example : ‘ácido’ (acid), ‘óptimo’ (optimum), ‘música’ (music).
  6. Tilde Diacrítica.This is a very important rule to understand if you are learning the Spanish language, since sometimes it causes a bit of confusion. The monosyllabic words should not have graphic accent, however, this is allowed for a few cases to avoid confusion between two words with different meaning but written in the same way.
    No Graphic AccentGraphic Accent (Tilde Diacrítica)
    El (article THE) | Example : El camino es largo. Él (personal pronoun HE - HIM) | Example : Él ha llamado dos veces.
    De (Preposition OF) | Example : Son libros de la biblioteca. (verb - GIVE) | Example : Me gustaría que me dé un café.
    Se (pronoun IT, IT IS) | Example : Se terminó. (verb - KNOW & TO BE) | Example : Sé tu mismo. Yo sé que puedes.
    Tu - Mi (possessive determiners YOUR - MINE) | Example : Tu libro es azul. Mi reloj es nuevo. Tú & Mí (personal pronoun YOU & MY SELF) | Example : Tú eres un viajero experimentado. Compraré esto para mí.
    Si (conjunction conditional IF) | Example : Si no me gusta, no lo compro. (afirmation & pronoun YES & HIS - HERS) | Example : Yo pienso que sí ganaremos.
    Mas (conjunction THOUGH) | Example : Me invitaron, mas no quise ir. Más (adverb - MORE) | Example : Tomaré más café.
    Te (pronoun YOU) | Example : Te llamaré más tarde. (TEA) | Example : Prefiero tomar té.
  7. Accents for exclamatory and interrogative. The words : que, quien, cual, cuando, cuanto, donde & como, will always have an accent when used in exclamatory or interrogative sentences. For example : ¿Qué día es hoy?, ¡Qué rica está la comida!
  8. The word ‘aun’. This word uses accent only when used to replace the word TODAVÍA (still - yet). For example : ‘Aún estamos trabajando.’ On the contrary, this word has no accent when the meaning is the same as AUN (even). For example : ‘Aun tomando más café, tube mucho sueño.’
  9. The word ‘solo’. This word will never have graphic accent when it refers to ‘be alone’. For example : Yo estoy solo.

Just remember these basic tips, keep practicing and learning !



Latest Posts

  • Enchiladas Recipe Guatemala
    - Jul 22, 2019

    Enchiladas is a traditional dish of Guatemalan cuisine, is part of the family menu every weekend, you can also find it at any fair in Guatemala, in addition to most typical food restaurants. Enchiladas is basically a snack, it is not a strong or formal dish.

  • Rellenitos - traditional Guatemalan dessert recipe
    - Jul 15, 2019

    "Rellenitos" are a traditional Guatemalan dessert, well known to all, a delicious dessert part of all in the traditional table in Guatemala. This simple but exquisite dessert can be found at any traditional Guatemalan market, national fairs and typical food restaurants in Guatemala.

  • Antigua Guatemala Cathedral History
    - Jul 08, 2019

    The Cathedral of Antigua Guatemala is also named The Parish of San José. The construction of this church began in 1542 and was one of the first buildings to be constructed after the destruction of the first Guatemala capital in the valley of Almolonga, the cathedral was inaugurated in 1545.

Go to Blog Mainpage


Archives

  • July 2019 (4)
  • June 2019 (4)
  • May 2019 (4)
  • April 2019 (5)
  • March 2019 (4)
  • February 2019 (4)
  • January 2019 (5)
  • December 2018 (5)
  • November 2018 (6)
  • October 2018 (5)

  • Tags

  • guatemala culture (43)
  • antigua guatemala (43)
  • learn spanish (19)
  • guatemala (13)
  • easter week (11)
  • recipe (10)
  • guatemala arts (5)
  • cuisine (5)
  • semana santa (4)
  • grammar (4)
  • Spanish Online

    We are happy to announce our spanish clases online through Skype. If you are not coming to Antigua Guatemala, or wish to get started. Please let us know.

    Get in touch

    1a Calle poniente # 10 Antigua Guatemala GT 03000

    Have a question? Contact Us


    Newsletter

    Join in with us to the experience of cultural and language growth.

    Newsletter Subscription