ANTIGÜEÑA SPANISH ACADEMY

Since 1985

Spanish School Blog


Learn the rules to use Y and LL in Spanish Language

In Spanish, the words that are written with the letter 'Y' and the 'LL' often confuse the student of the Spanish language since they are pronounced in the same way, the sound is the same.


Let's look at some rules that will help us better understand how we should use the letters LL and Y in Spanish Language.

You use LL letters for : 

  • All verbs ending in ‘llir’ and ‘llar’. For examples : zambullir (dive), estallar (burst), atropellar (run over). Exceptions : apoyar (support), ensayar (practice/try out), rayar (scratch) & desmayar (faint) .
  • The verb llevar (carry) and all its derivatives, for example : conllevar, llevaba, llevarán, conllevando.
  • The verb llover (to rain) and lloviznar (drizzle), and all its derivatives. For example : llueve, lloviznando, llovio.
  • The verb llenar (to fill) and all its derivatives. For example : relleno, llenaba, llenaron, rellenarían.
  • All the words ending in illo, illa, allo, ello, alle and elle. For example : sencilla (simple), bombilla (light bulb), bello (beautiful), calle (street). Exceptions : Mayo (May - month -), lacayo (footman), rayo (light ray), tocayo (namesake), plebeyo (plebeian) and leguleyo (Spanish word that defines a person who deals with legal issues without having sufficient knowledge).

You use the Y letter for :

  • The atonic phoneme / i / of a sharp word (palabra aguda or also known as oxítona, when the accent is given on the last syllable) with a diphthong or triphthong at the end. For example :  hoy, Uruguay. Exceptions : saharaui and bonsái.
  • In cases of copulative conjunction. For example : los hijos y los padres (children and parents). When the second word begins with letter ‘i’, then the conjunction should be the  ‘e’ letter, for example : Pedro e Ines. Exception to this last rule is : cinc y hierro.
  • The gerund of the verb  “IR” (go), and its forms of the Present Subjunctive. For example : yendo, vaya, vayas, vayamos, vayan.
  • The verbs ayudar (fast) and desayunar (breakfast) and all its derivatives. For example : ayunas, desayunamos, ayunaron, desayuno.
  • All the words with the suffix "going" (gerund) of the verbs whose infinitive ends in aer - eer - uir. For example : cayendo (falling), leyendo (reading), proveyendo  (providing), huyendo  (running away).
  • All verbs ending in uyo, uya, uyes, uyamos, uyesen, uyeron, related to the verbs ending in uir, buir and cluir. For example : huir (run away) - huyan, intuir (intuit) - intuyes, contribuir (contribute) - contribuyen, concluir (conclude) - concluyeron.
  • All the word beginning in yu and yer. For example : yuca (Yucca), yerno (son in law), yugo, yerro (I miss - mistake), yugular (jugular), yermo. Exceptions : lluvia (rain), lluvioso (rainy) and llueve (rains).
  • All plural words that end with the letter Y. For example : Rey (king) - reyes, Buey (ox) - bueyes, Ley (law) - leyes.
  • All words that have the syllable ‘yec’. For example : proyectar (to project), trayecto (journey), inyección (injection).
  • All verbal forms, whose infinitive form does not have the letter Y included. For example : caer (fall) - cayeron, leer (to read) - leyeron, poseer (own) - poseyeron.
  • After a consonant, Y is always written. For example : subyugar (subjugate), conyuge (spouse), disyuntiva (disjunctive).
  • NOTE : the word ‘llema’ refers to the fingertips. The word ‘yema’ refers to the egg yolk.

Learn these basic rules and keep practicing the Spanish language.



Latest Posts

  • Burning of the Devil in 2019 Antigua Guatemala
    - Dec 02, 2019

    A devil made of paper, wood and cloth. A devil of an intense red color, in a thoughtful position, thinking the answer to the public complaint. This devil represents a satire of the country's politics.

  • Guatemalan Churrasco and Chirmol Recipe
    - Nov 25, 2019

    The "Guatemalan Churrasco", or also known as "Churrasquito" has many traditional flavors of the typical Guatemalan food. It is a traditional dish for lunch, accompanied by rice, flipped beans, roasted corn, guacamole and the very important Guatemalan Chirmol.

  • Wrong Expressions in Spanish Language - Part 1
    - Nov 23, 2019

    Some of us who speak the Spanish language natively can also make mistakes when we express ourselves in our own language, either by a mixture of languages such as English and Spanish, or simply by not knowing how to communicate correctly.

Go to Blog Mainpage


Archives

  • December 2019 (1)
  • November 2019 (5)
  • October 2019 (3)
  • September 2019 (5)
  • August 2019 (3)
  • July 2019 (5)
  • June 2019 (4)
  • May 2019 (4)
  • April 2019 (5)
  • March 2019 (4)

  • Tags

  • guatemala culture (50)
  • antigua guatemala (45)
  • learn spanish (21)
  • recipe (18)
  • guatemala (15)
  • easter week (11)
  • cuisine (10)
  • guatemala arts (6)
  • semana santa (4)
  • grammar (4)

  • Sponsor Links

    Spanish Online

    We are happy to announce our spanish clases online through Skype. If you are not coming to Antigua Guatemala, or wish to get started. Please let us know.

    Get in touch

    1a Calle poniente # 10 Antigua Guatemala GT 03000

    Have a question? Contact Us