ANTIGÜEÑA SPANISH ACADEMY

Since 1985

Spanish School Blog


Learn the rules to use Y and LL in Spanish Language

In Spanish, the words that are written with the letter 'Y' and the 'LL' often confuse the student of the Spanish language since they are pronounced in the same way, the sound is the same.


Let's look at some rules that will help us better understand how we should use the letters LL and Y in Spanish Language.

You use LL letters for : 

  • All verbs ending in ‘llir’ and ‘llar’. For examples : zambullir (dive), estallar (burst), atropellar (run over). Exceptions : apoyar (support), ensayar (practice/try out), rayar (scratch) & desmayar (faint) .
  • The verb llevar (carry) and all its derivatives, for example : conllevar, llevaba, llevarán, conllevando.
  • The verb llover (to rain) and lloviznar (drizzle), and all its derivatives. For example : llueve, lloviznando, llovio.
  • The verb llenar (to fill) and all its derivatives. For example : relleno, llenaba, llenaron, rellenarían.
  • All the words ending in illo, illa, allo, ello, alle and elle. For example : sencilla (simple), bombilla (light bulb), bello (beautiful), calle (street). Exceptions : Mayo (May - month -), lacayo (footman), rayo (light ray), tocayo (namesake), plebeyo (plebeian) and leguleyo (Spanish word that defines a person who deals with legal issues without having sufficient knowledge).

You use the Y letter for :

  • The atonic phoneme / i / of a sharp word (palabra aguda or also known as oxítona, when the accent is given on the last syllable) with a diphthong or triphthong at the end. For example :  hoy, Uruguay. Exceptions : saharaui and bonsái.
  • In cases of copulative conjunction. For example : los hijos y los padres (children and parents). When the second word begins with letter ‘i’, then the conjunction should be the  ‘e’ letter, for example : Pedro e Ines. Exception to this last rule is : cinc y hierro.
  • The gerund of the verb  “IR” (go), and its forms of the Present Subjunctive. For example : yendo, vaya, vayas, vayamos, vayan.
  • The verbs ayudar (fast) and desayunar (breakfast) and all its derivatives. For example : ayunas, desayunamos, ayunaron, desayuno.
  • All the words with the suffix "going" (gerund) of the verbs whose infinitive ends in aer - eer - uir. For example : cayendo (falling), leyendo (reading), proveyendo  (providing), huyendo  (running away).
  • All verbs ending in uyo, uya, uyes, uyamos, uyesen, uyeron, related to the verbs ending in uir, buir and cluir. For example : huir (run away) - huyan, intuir (intuit) - intuyes, contribuir (contribute) - contribuyen, concluir (conclude) - concluyeron.
  • All the word beginning in yu and yer. For example : yuca (Yucca), yerno (son in law), yugo, yerro (I miss - mistake), yugular (jugular), yermo. Exceptions : lluvia (rain), lluvioso (rainy) and llueve (rains).
  • All plural words that end with the letter Y. For example : Rey (king) - reyes, Buey (ox) - bueyes, Ley (law) - leyes.
  • All words that have the syllable ‘yec’. For example : proyectar (to project), trayecto (journey), inyección (injection).
  • All verbal forms, whose infinitive form does not have the letter Y included. For example : caer (fall) - cayeron, leer (to read) - leyeron, poseer (own) - poseyeron.
  • After a consonant, Y is always written. For example : subyugar (subjugate), conyuge (spouse), disyuntiva (disjunctive).
  • NOTE : the word ‘llema’ refers to the fingertips. The word ‘yema’ refers to the egg yolk.

Learn these basic rules and keep practicing the Spanish language.



Latest Posts

  • Chiles Rellenos - Stuffed Chillies Recipe Guatemala
    - Jun 24, 2019

    The “chiles rellenos” (stuffed chillies) is another popular Guatemalan dish, it is well known and liked by the Guatemalans as well as foreigners, and is part of all menu at any typical food restaurants in Guatemala and Antigua Guatemala, it has an exquisite flavor, it is juicy and its key ingredient is the chili pepper.

  • Portal del Comercio in Antigua Guatemala
    - Jun 17, 2019

    The Portal del Comercio, also known by the citizens of Antigua Guatemala as the "Portal of Las Panaderas", is located in the center of the colonial city, opposite the central park and opposite the Cathedral of Antigua Guatemala. This portal houses many important businesses, among these are restaurants, coffee shops, banks, book sales, and traditional Guatemalan souvenir shops.

  • Santa Catalina Arch in Antigua Guatemala
    - Jun 10, 2019

    The city of Antigua Guatemala is well known for its rich history and culture. A colonial city with many cultural attractions, but none as famous as the “Arco de Santa Catalina” (Santa Catalina Arch), located at 5 Avenida Norte.

Go to Blog Mainpage


Archives

  • June 2019 (4)
  • May 2019 (4)
  • April 2019 (5)
  • March 2019 (4)
  • February 2019 (4)
  • January 2019 (5)
  • December 2018 (5)
  • November 2018 (6)
  • October 2018 (5)
  • September 2018 (5)

  • Tags

  • antigua guatemala (42)
  • guatemala culture (42)
  • learn spanish (19)
  • guatemala (13)
  • easter week (11)
  • recipe (8)
  • guatemala arts (5)
  • semana santa (4)
  • cuisine (4)
  • grammar (4)
  • Spanish Online

    We are happy to announce our spanish clases online through Skype. If you are not coming to Antigua Guatemala, or wish to get started. Please let us know.

    Get in touch

    1a Calle poniente # 10 Antigua Guatemala GT 03000

    Have a question? Contact Us


    Newsletter

    Join in with us to the experience of cultural and language growth.

    Newsletter Subscription